Chillum is an unincorporated area in Prince George’s County, Maryland, United States bordering Washington D.C. and Montgomery County, MD. Chillum is contained between the Northwest Branch Anacostia River to the east, East West Highway (MD 410) and the Sligo Creek River to the north, New Hampshire Avenue (MD 650) to the west, and Eastern Avenue NE to the south. Chillum borders the adjacent communities of Avondale, Green Meadows, and Carole Highlands in Prince George’s County, MD as well as the city of Takoma Park in Montgomery County, MD and the Riggs Park (also known as, “Lamond Riggs”), Queens Chapel, and North Michigan Park neighborhoods of Northeast Washington D.C. The population was 33,513 at the 2010 census. In addition to being its own unincorporated neighborhood, Chillum is also considered to be its own Census Designated Place in Prince George’s County, Maryland. As of the 2000 census, the Chillum CDP not only included Chillum itself, but also the adjacent unincorporated communities of Avondale, Carole Highlands, Green Meadows, and Lewisdale.
Chillum is located at 38°58′6″N 76°58′45″W / 38.96833°N 76.97917°W / 38.96833; -76.97917 (38.968210, −76.979046).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.4 square miles (8.9 km), of which 3.4 square miles (8.8 km) is land and 0.039 square miles (0.1 km), or 0.94%, is water. Chillum is unincoporated and does not have its own zipcode; therefore it relies on its neighboring city of Hyattsville for its postal addresses/ zipcodes. While a vast majority of the residents living in/ businesses located in Chillum, MD are assigned the Hyattsville postal zipcodes of either 20782, or 20783, there are a few residents living on the far west side of Chillum/ businesses located very close to New Hampshire Avenue (MD 650) and the Prince George’s/ Montgomery County Line, bordering the city of Takoma Park, MD, are assigned the Takoma Park, MD zipcode of 20912. Residents of Chillum that are assigned Takoma Park’s 20912 zipcode have Takoma Park addresses though they are not even located within Takoma Park’s boundaries. All of the other residents living in / businesses located in Chillum, have Hyattsville addresses.
As of the census of 2000, there were 34,252 people, 12,080 households, and 7,900 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 8,527.2 people per square mile (3,289.7/km²). There were 12,524 housing units at an average density of 3,117.9 per square mile (1,202.9/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 14.34% White, 62.68% African American, 0.47% Native American, 2.88% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 14.49% from other races, and 5.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23.67% of the population.
In 2000, 5.2% of Chillum residents identified as being of Jamaican heritage. This was the highest percentage of Jamaican Americans of any place in Maryland. In the same year, 9% of Chillum identified as being of West Indian ancestry. However, since the 1990s, the Hispanic/Latino population has significantly increased in Chillum, MD as immigrants from countries all over Central America found plenty of labor/ janitorial/ housekeeping jobs in the Washington D.C. area and an abundance of affordable housing in Chillum, MD that would allow them to commute very easily and conveniently to their jobs. The Hispanic/Latino population gradually increased in Chillum over the past two decades to the point where they have overtaken the African-American/Jamaican population living in the area. There are also quite a few Caribbean and African immigrants as well that began settling in Chillum since the 1990s as well. The most commonly spoken foreign language in Chillum is Spanish.
There were 12,080 households out of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.6% were married couples living together, 21.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.40.
In the CDP, the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 11.5% from 18 to 24, 34.0% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.3 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $41,307, and the median income for a family was $46,329. Males had a median income of $29,546 versus $28,069 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $17,915. About 8.5% of families and 10.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.5% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over.