Cecilton is a town in Cecil County, Maryland, United States. The population was 663 at the 2010 census.
Cecilton is located at 39°24′11″N 75°52′10″W / 39.40306°N 75.86944°W / 39.40306; -75.86944 (39.402919, -75.869430).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.46 square miles (1.19 km), all of it land.
As of the census of 2010, there were 663 people, 237 households, and 173 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,441.3 inhabitants per square mile (556.5/km). There were 264 housing units at an average density of 573.9 per square mile (221.6/km). The racial makeup of the town was 80.5% White, 11.8% African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 4.8% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.1% of the population.
There were 237 households of which 43.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.7% were married couples living together, 19.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 8.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 27.0% were non-families. 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.19.
The median age in the town was 35.4 years. 27.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.2% were from 25 to 44; 22.2% were from 45 to 64; and 12.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 48.1% male and 51.9% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 474 people, 198 households, and 129 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,054.6 people per square mile (406.7/km²). There were 212 housing units at an average density of 471.7 per square mile (181.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 74.47% White, 23.21% African American, 1.05% from other races, and 1.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.43% of the population.
There were 198 households out of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.4% were married couples living together, 19.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.8% were non-families. 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the town, the population was spread out with 26.6% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $38,971, and the median income for a family was $41,563. Males had a median income of $36,071 versus $23,068 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,719. About 8.4% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.8% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over.
The Cecilton area is home to a small Amish community that was founded in 1999. Amish families moved to the area from Lancaster County, Pennsylvania because of increasing costs and the declining amount of farmland there.
David Davis, a close adviser to President Abraham Lincoln, was born a few miles outside of Cecilton, on March 9, 1815. He was appointed to the Supreme Court in 1862 and served until 1877 when he resigned to become the U.S. Senator from Illinois.
Chronicles of a Small Town in Rural America is a 1991 publication by Mary Haggerty, a collection of recollections by people who lived in Cecilton during most of the 20th-century.